Wed. Apr 17th, 2024
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सतना न्यूज़ आज – आपका आज का स्रोत सतना शहर की खबर। हमारी टीम सतना नगर की ताज़ा और महत्वपूर्ण ख़बरों को प्रस्तुत करने के लिए समर्पित है।

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NEWS IN CLUES
5. Identify this hotel group
Clue 1: It started from Shimla in the early 1930s
Clue 2: Its founder served as member in both houses of Parliament
Clue 3: One of its hotels in Mumbai was attacked by terrorists in 2008

Scroll below for answer

5 THINGS FIRST

PM Modi to launch ‘Viksit Bharat Sankalp Yatra’ in Jharkhand; Balance of Trade data for October to be released; campaigning for the MP assembly polls ends; Biden-Xi meeting in San Francisco as part of the APEC conference; Cricket World Cup first semi-final — India vs New Zealand

1. A transparency reminder to political parties
It’s about funds

  • The Election Commission (EC) on Tuesday sent a reminder to all political parties to submit details of the funding they received through electoral bonds by 5 pm today.
  • Earlier, the poll panel had asked “all such parties” to furnish these details since the inception of the scheme.

A follow-up

  • The EC move followed the Supreme Court’s November 2 direction to the poll panel to produce “up to date” data on funds received by political parties till September 30, 2023.
  • The move is aimed at making funding through electoral bonds more transparent.
  • On November 3, the EC wrote to heads of all political parties, asking them to share detailed particulars of donors, amount, and full particulars of the credit received against each bond.

It’s confidential

  • The EC’s letter said particulars should be sent in double sealed cover — one duly sealed envelope containing the particulars and second duly sealed envelope containing the first envelope — to its secretary of the election expenditure division.
  • The EC said the sealed covers should reach it by November 15 evening.
  • It also said the envelopes should be clearly marked as “confidential-electoral bonds”.

A pending matter

  • The electoral bonds’ matter came to the top court in 2019, when it directed political parties to furnish the details of funds they received through electoral bonds.
  • Back then, it had refused to stay the electoral bonds scheme, saying it would do an in-depth hearing later as it involved “weighty issues” that had “tremendous bearing on the sanctity of the electoral process in the country”.

At the core

  • The electoral bonds scheme, notified in January 2018, was pitched as an alternative to cash donations made to political parties as part of efforts to bring transparency in political funding.
  • Electoral bonds may be purchased by any citizen of India or entity incorporated or established in the country.
  • Only registered political parties which secured not less than one percent of the votes polled in the last election to the Lok Sabha or a state legislative assembly are eligible to receive electoral bonds.
The Open Mind
2. Now, a blame-game over firecracker ban violation in Delhi
2. Now, a blame-game over firecracker ban violation in Delhi
What

  • The national capital is witnessing a blame-game between political parties for the violation of the blanket ban on firecrackers during Diwali, which led to deterioration of the city’s air quality.
  • Delhi’s air quality gradually worsened from ‘very poor’ to ‘severe’ on Tuesday forcing the government to initiate a water sprinkling campaign on the capital’s busiest roads.

AAP’s attack

  • Delhi’s environment minister Gopal Rai accused the Delhi Police, which comes under the Union government, of not implementing the Supreme Court-imposed ban on bursting, storage, sale, distribution and manufacture of firecrackers in the national capital.
  • Rai also accused senior Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leaders of encouraging people to burst firecrackers and indirectly persuading them into defying the ban.

BJP hits back

  • BJP spokesperson Shehzad Poonawalla hit back, alleging that Delhi CM and Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) supremo Arvind Kejriwal and his colleagues pin the blame on Hindus for celebrating Diwali, the police, the Centre, and neighbouring state governments of BJP but not the AAP-led government in Punjab despite farm fire cases witnessing severe uptick.

What about farm fires?

  • After a short lull, mainly because of rainfall before Diwali, farm fire incidents in Punjab seem to have picked up once again. Since Sunday, the state has recorded around 3,500 stubble burning cases.
  • Farm fires in neighbouring states – with Punjab alone accounting for more than 65% of it – are a significant contributor to Delhi’s bad air problem.
3. Mass grave at Gaza hospital circled by Israel
3. Mass grave at Gaza hospital circled by Israel
It’s the biggest hospital

  • Reports said Palestinians trapped inside Gaza’s biggest Al Shifa hospital were digging a mass grave on Tuesday to bury patients who died under Israeli encirclement.
  • They said no plan was in place to evacuate babies despite Israel announcing an offer to send portable incubators.
  • Five weeks after Israel began retaliation for Hamas’s cross-border assault, the fate of the encircled hospital has become a focus of international alarm, including from Israel’s closest ally, the US.

Claim and denial

  • Israeli forces have surrounded Al Shifa hospital in Gaza City, which they say sits atop an underground headquarters of Hamas fighters.
  • Hamas, which governs Gaza, denies fighters are present and says 650 patients and 5,000-7,000 other displaced civilians are trapped inside the hospital grounds, under constant fire from snipers and drones.
  • It says 40 patients have died in recent days, including three premature babies whose incubators were knocked out.
  • Some reports say 170 bodies were being buried on the hospital’s premises.

Focus on babies

  • Thirty-six babies were left from the neonatal ward after three died. Without fuel for generators to power incubators, the babies were being kept warm as best as possible, lined up eight to a bed.
  • Israel announced on Tuesday that it was offering portable, battery-powered incubators so the babies could be moved. But Hamas health authorities said that no arrangements were established to carry out any such evacuation.

The fight

  • Israel has vowed to wipe out Hamas after its fighters burst across the fence and rampaged through Israeli towns killing civilians on October 7.
  • Israel says 1,400 people were killed and around 240 were dragged back to Gaza as hostages in the deadliest day of its 75-year history.
  • Its response, including a siege and bombardment that has killed scores of civilians, has alarmed countries around the world.
  • Israel says Hamas is to blame for harm to civilians because fighters hide among them. Hamas denies this.
4. Has Canada allowed ‘misuse’ of freedom of expression?
4. Has Canada allowed ‘misuse’ of freedom of expression?
What

  • India has three broad recommendations for Canada, which New Delhi conveyed to Ottawa during Canada’s latest round of Universal Periodic Review at the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC).

Freedom of expression

  • First, India has urged Canada to stop the “misuse” of freedom of expression and to prevent activities of extremist groups on its soil.
  • It comes on the backdrop of worsening diplomatic ties between the two countries since September when Canadian PM Justin Trudeau alleged an Indian link in the killing of a Sikh extremist Hardeep Singh Nijjar in Canada earlier in June – a claim which India dismissed as “absurd” and “motivated”.
  • Both countries were already witnessing a rough patch because of increased activities and demonstrations of pro-Khalistan groups in Canada.

Places of worship

  • Second, India also asked Canada to “strengthen legislative and other measures” to “effectively prevent attacks on places of worship of religious and racial minorities” and to “address hate crimes and hate speech”.
  • At least three instances of desecration of temples and defacement, with anti-India grafitis scribbled on walls, have been reported in Canada over the last six months, which further heightened tensions between Hindus and groups of pro-Khalistan Sikhs.

Indigenous concerns

  • Third, stressing on the “spirit of constructive dialogue”, Indian diplomat Mohammed Hussain also urged Canada to put an end to “structural discrimination” against children belonging to indigenous groups. He also asked Ottawa to “address disparities in access to services by all children.”

What review

  • Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a peer-review process on human rights issues under the ambit of the UNHRC, which usually takes place for each member nation in four to five years.
  • While Canada’s last review was held in May 2018, India went through a similar process in November 2022.
  • Bangladesh and Sri Lanka also participated in Canada’s UPR which happened on November 10 but the details were shared on Monday.
6. Why BJP is breaching age-ceiling in Madhya Pradesh polls
6. Why BJP is breaching age-ceiling in Madhya Pradesh polls
BJP’s MP bet

  • The BJP is leaving no stone unturned to retain Madhya Pradesh in the November 17 polls. It has fielded seven MPs, including three Union ministers, and a general secretary, besides organising whirlwind tours of PM Modi.
  • Madhya Pradesh is clearly the BJP’s high-stake battle, with the party even departing from its ‘next generation’ approach to fighting an aggressive Congress.
  • Going easy over age, the BJP has fielded 14 candidates past 70, with the oldest being 80. In contrast, the Congress has fielded nine septuagenarians.

What’s the age bar?

  • In April 2019, the then BJP president Amit Shah said that the party had decided not to give Lok Sabha poll tickets to those above 75, leading to veteran leaders like LK Advani and Murali Manohar Joshi missing out.

Karnataka effect?

  • The change in BJP’s approach follows its drubbing in the Karnataka election earlier this year, when it picked younger candidates over old-timers like former CM Jagadish Shettar (67) and ex-deputy CM KS Eshwarappa (74).
  • The move backfired in Karnataka, with reports saying that denying tickets to party veterans cost the BJP dearly.

Veterans in battleground

  • The BJP has fielded 80-year-old former state minister Nagendra Nagod from the Nagod seat in Satna district.
  • Nagendra Singh, 79, is contesting from Rewa’s Gurh seat, where AAP’s Prakhar Pratap Singh is the youngest candidate in Madhya Pradesh at 25.
  • Both Nagod and Singh are sitting MLAs and had expressed their unwillingness to fight elections around five months ago.
  • There are 12 other septuagenarians contesting as BJP nominees.

A contrast

  • In 2016, Sartaj Singh was transitioned out of the Shivraj Singh Chouhan cabinet reportedly over age. He was 76. Singh was denied a ticket in the 2018 assembly polls when he was 78. He ultimately quit BJP and unsuccessfully contested the Hoshangabad seat as a Congress candidate.
  • Similarly, Kusum Mahdele, then a minister, was also denied a ticket last time in 2018. She was 76.
  • Meanwhile, the oldest Congress candidate in Madhya Pradesh this year is 77.
7. Death penalty for a ‘diabolical act’
7. Death penalty for a ‘diabolical act’
What

  • The Ernakulum POCSO Court in Kerala has awarded death penalty to the man accused of rape and murder of a five-year-old girl in the southern state – a crime which the court termed “diabolical act of utmost sexual violence” and categorised it as a “rarest-of-rare” case.

Public outcry

  • The accused, 28-year-old Asafak Alam, was a migrant labourer from Bihar.
  • The incident, which took place on July 28, in Aluva municipal area of Ernakulam district triggered massive public outcry in Kerala. A crowd of hundreds had turned up at the girl’s funeral, demanding justice.

Concerns

  • The POCSO court also expressed concerns that the accused is a “paedophile” and could pose a threat to minor girls if released.
  • It noted that the crime was pre-planned, calculated, and ended in cold-blooded murder.

What happened on July 28?

  • A five-year-old girl was kidnapped from her residence in Aluva around 3 pm and raped by the accused. Later, she was murdered and was dumped in a marshy area near Aluva market. After a thorough investigation, which included multiple CCTV footage from the day of the incident, the suspect was arrested.
  • Kerala police submitted an 800-page charge sheet on September 2, and the trial began on October 4, culminating in Alam’s conviction on November 4.

Punishment

  • In addition to the death sentence, the court also handed down five life terms to the convict for various charges including rape and aggravated penetrative sexual assault under the Indian Penal Code and POCSO Act.
  • The execution of the death sentence is contingent upon confirmation by the Kerala High Court, SPP Mohan Raj told the media.
  • The court rejected the defence’s arguments for a lesser sentence based on factors such as age, family background, lack of education, socioeconomic status, health condition and mental make-up.
  • The court stressed on the severity of the crime and the potential threat posed by the convict to society, especially minor girls.

CM’s message

  • Kerala CM Pinarayi Vijayan said the punishment given on Children’s Day should be seen as a strong warning to those who commit violence against children.
8. Focus back on India-UK free trade agreement
8. Focus back on India-UK free trade agreement
Landing point

  • External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar has said a free trade agreement (FTA) is at the focus of the India-UK relationship and that India is hopeful of finding a “landing point” in the negotiations that works for both sides.
  • “Today, to realise the Agenda 2030, we are focusing on what is officially called an Enhanced Trade Partnership, in common terms it’s called an FTA or free trade agreement. That is today very much the focus of what the Indian and British systems are negotiating. We hope that we will find a landing point that works for both of us,” he said.
  • On Monday, Jaishankar met newly appointed UK counterpart David Cameron and discussed the proposed FTA and partnerships on defence, science and technology.

‘Positive force’

  • Addressing a special Diwali Reception organised by the High Commission of India in London on Monday, he described the bilateral relationship as a “positive force” for the world.
  • Jaishankar, on a five-day official visit to the UK with an aim to review various aspects of bilateral ties, called on the UK-based Indian diaspora — one of the largest in the world — to spread the story of the new India.

14th round

  • The India-UK Comprehensive Strategic Partnership was launched in 2021 along with the India-UK Roadmap 2030 which seeks to expand ties in a range of areas.
  • India and the UK began free trade agreement talks in January 2022 with a target to significantly enhance the estimated GBP 36-billion bilateral trading partnership.
  • After 13 rounds of negotiations, officials are hopeful of clinching a deal ahead of general elections in both countries scheduled for 2024.

Meanwhile

  • India has sought evidence from UK against suspects who were involved in the violence at the Indian High Commission in London during a pro-Khalistan protest on March 19. The NIA is learnt to have made a request under the Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty to the UK.
9. The big Biden-Xi meet today
9. The big Biden-Xi meet today
What

  • US President Joe Biden and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping will meet today on the sidelines of the 21-member APEC summit in San Francisco.
  • This is only the second in-person meeting between Xi and Biden since the latter took office in January 2021.

What’s on agenda?

  • The Xi-Biden meeting is likely to cover a wide range of issues, including the ongoing Israel-Hamas war, the Taiwan tangle, free navigation in the South China Sea and the East China Sea, the Russia-Ukraine war, and also allegations of Chinese interference in the US presidential elections.

What to expect

  • US officials have modest expectations for the Biden-Xi meeting, aiming for a baseline of routine communication as a successful benchmark.
  • China urges the US to honour its commitment to avoiding a new Cold War and conflicts, emphasising cooperation for sound and stable bilateral development.

Military communications

  • Biden is likely to emphasise revival of military communication between the US and China.
  • The two countries are facing serious challenges in this regar, with contacts eroding, especially during the pandemic.
  • Incidents between their ships and aircraft have surged amid nearly non-existent military contacts.

Trade Issues

  • The US eyes an economic stability, and looks to defend export controls on semiconductor chips, and assure China that it doesn’t seek economic warfare.
  • China wants punitive measures like tariffs, sanctions, and export restrictions, seeking rollbacks and assurance against new ones.

The Taiwan tussle

  • While US affirm the status quo in Taiwan, signaling no support for independence, especially with Taiwan’s upcoming presidential elections.
  • China seek assurance from Biden against supporting Taiwan’s independence.

Global issues

  • The Biden-Xi meeting is also expected to cover global issues from the Israel-Hamas war to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, Taiwan, human rights, as well as trade and economic relations, a senior US official said.

And a pricey dinner

  • As top US business leaders will dine with Xi on Wednesday, part of his efforts to attract American companies at the pricey dinner, with tickets ranging from $2,000 per person to $40,000 for a seat at the Chinese president’s table.
Answer to NEWS IN CLUES
Answer to NEWS IN CLUES

The Oberoi Group. Prithvi Raj Singh Oberoi, the 94-year-old veteran corporate hotelier who redefined India’s hospitality industry, passed away on Tuesday, reported PTI. The Chairman Emeritus of The Oberoi Group, popularly known as ‘Biki’, built a sprawling chain comprising 32 hotels during his lifetime. The group owns the eponymous Oberoi and Trident hotel chains.

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Written by: Jayanta Kalita, Prabhash K Dutta, Abhishek Dey
Research: Rajesh Sharma

हम निरंतर नवीनतम और महत्वपूर्ण ख़बरों को आपके सामने पेश करने के लिए काम कर रहे हैं, इसलिए हमारी वेबसाइट पर और भी ख़बरों के लिए बने रहें। हमारे समुदाय का हिस्सा बनने के लिए धन्यवाद!
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